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Abkhazia (Georgia)

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Definition: Abkhazia from

Philip's Encyclopedia

Autonomous republic on the Black Sea coast of Georgia; the capital is Sukhumi. The area was conquered by Romans, Byzantines, Arabs and Turks before becoming a Russian protectorate in 1910. It was made a Soviet republic in 1921, and an autonomous republic within Georgia in 1930. In 1992, after the establishment of an independent Georgia, the Abkhazian parliament declared independence. The following year, Abkhazian forces seized the capital from the Georgian army. In 1995, its independent status was confirmed by a new Georgian constitution. Tobacco, tea, and grapes are the main crops. Area: 8600sq km (3320sq mi). Pop. (1993 est.) 516,600.

Summary Article: Abkhazia (or Abkhaziya) from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide
Autonomous republic in northwestern Georgia; area 8,600 sq km/3,320 sq mi; population (2007 est) 177,000. The region is located between the main range of the Caucasus Mountains and the Black Sea, with a subtropical climate on the latter's shores, and with densely wooded foothills. Most of the population, including that of the capital, Sokhumi, and the cities of Ochamchire and Gagra, is located in the lowland of the coastal area. Industries include the mining of tin and coal, and lumbering and sawmilling, but agriculture, including fruit, tobacco, and tea cultivation, is still the leading occupation. Tourism and health resorts on the coast and on Lake Ritsa are also important. Abkhazia was inhabited traditionally by Abkhazis, an ethnic group converted from Christianity to Islam in the 17th century. By the 1980s some 17% of the population were Muslims and two-thirds w...    Continue Reading

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