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Albéniz, Isaac, 1860-1909

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Summary Article:Albéniz, Isaac (Manuel Francisco) (29 May 1860 – 18 May 1909) from The Crystal Reference Encyclopedia

Composer and pianist, born in Camprodón, NE Spain. His early studies in music were completed in Barcelona and Madrid, and while still a child he made a concert tour of Argentina, Brazil, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the USA, which he was to repeat later (1883). He perfected his technique with Gevaert, Dupont, and Liszt. Encouraged by Felipe Pedrell he focused on composing, to which he owed his successes as a soloist. His markedly impressionist style of music, typically Spanish in its construction, varied and rich in styles and tones, emphasizes his piano compositions: Cantos de España, Suite española, Recuerdos de viaje, Caprichos andaluces, Rapsodia española, and Iberia (his final work consisting of 12 pieces). He also wrote three operas (Henry Clifford, Pepita Jiménez, Rey Arturo) and some orchestral works, among which the symphonic poem Catalonia is outstanding.

See also Camprodón, Liszt, Franz, Pedrell, Felipe, folk music.


Major works:
 Orchestral music
 (1887) Rhapsodie cubana, op.66
 (1887) Rhapsodie espanda, op.70 (piano concerto)
 Dramatic music
 (1893) The Magic opal
 (1896) Pepita Jimenez (lyric comedy)
 Chamber music
 Grande Sonata for piano, violin, cello, op.12
 Piano music, over 200 works
 (1883) Pavana Capricho, op.12
 (1883) Sonata No 1 op.28
 (1886) Suite Espanola, op.47
 (1887) Suite antigua No 2, op.64
 1906–9 Iberia


Sarabande



Chacone
 Tango in D major
 (1887) 7 Estudioz en los tonos naturales mayores, op.65
 (1887) Mazurkas de salon, op.66


Choral music
 2 Cantatas
 (1824) Agnes Sorel
 (1825) Ariana a Naxos
 (1848) Les enfants de Paris (for unaccompanied male voices)
 (1848) La Garde mobile (4 male unaccompanied voices)
 La muette (4 male unaccompanied voices)


Vocal duos



Romances



Ballades



Songs
 Works for Harmonium

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