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Altai Krai (Russia)

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Definition: Altai or Altay from

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate(R) Dictionary

1mountain system cen Asia bet. Mongolia & China & bet. Kazakhstan & Russia 2see gorno-altay 3territory SW Russia in Asia ✽ Barnaul area 101,042 sq mi (261,699 sq km), pop 2,666,000

Summary Article: Altai from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide
Krai (territory) in southwest Siberia, Russian Federation; area 261,700 sq km/101,042 sq mi; population (2002) 2,607,400; (2006 est) 2,543,300. The main cities are Barnaul (capital), Biysk, and Rubtsovsk. The area is situated on lowlands, with the Altai Mountains in the southeast and the Kulunda Steppe (one of the main agricultural areas in western Siberia) in the northwest. The principal river is the Ob. Mineral deposits include gold, non-ferrous metals, and salt. The chief industries are food processing, textiles, engineering, and chemicals; agricultural production includes wheat, sunflowers, flax, and sugar beet, and the farming of dairy cattle. Part of the Mongol empire from the 13th century onwards, Altai was annexed by Russia in the 18th century. Its first smelting plant was built in 1726, but its agricultural colonization dates from the 19th century. World War II, when a number of Volga Germans were deported here, and the "Virgin Land" campaign of...    Continue Reading
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