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Brabant

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Definition: Brabant from

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1. a former duchy of W Europe: divided when Belgium became independent (1830), the south forming the Belgian provinces of Antwerp and Brabant and the north forming the province of North Brabant in the Netherlands.
2. a former province of central Belgium; replaced in 1995 by the provinces of Flemish Brabant and Walloon Brabant.
Summary Article: Brabant from The Crystal Reference Encyclopedia
During the Middle Ages, a duchy which developed from the county of Louvain, whose count was given the title of duke in 1106 by Emperor Henry V. His successors expanded the duchy in the 12th Century by incorporating the marquisate of Antwerp and various seigneuries as far as the Nether Rhine, and controlling the important trade route from Bruges to Cologne. In the E they came up against the prince-bishops of Liège, but gained Maastricht in 1204, and after the Battle of Woeringen Duke John (Jan) I (1268–94) annexed Limburg. The 14th Century was marked by the granting of charters and further expansion. John II gained Holland S of the Maas (1304) and John III conquered Heerlen and Sittard, but had to yield them to Gelre by the Treaty of Amiens in 1334. The war of Brabant succession after the death of Duke John III (1355) between Louis of Male of Flanders, who had married Margaretha, John III’s daughter, and his sister-in-law Johanna, who had married Wenzel of Luxemburg, led to the los...    Continue Reading
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