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Crick, Francis, 1916-2004

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Definition: Crick, Francis Harry Compton from

The Macquarie Dictionary

1916-2004, English physicist and biochemist; shared Nobel prize for physiology or medicine (1962) with James Watson and Maurice Wilkins for work in determining the structure of DNA.

Summary Article: Crick, Francis (Harry Compton) (1916 - ) from The Cambridge Dictionary of Scientists
The outstanding advance in the life sciences in this century has been the creation of a new branch of science: molecular biology. In this, Crick has been a central figure and its key concept, that the self-replicating genetic material DNA has the form of a double helix with complementary strands, is due to him and J D Watson.Crick graduated in physics in London but his first research was interrupted by war service, working on naval mines. After the war he was attracted to Cambridge and to biology and by 1949 was with the Cambridge Medical Research Council Unit, then housed in the Cavendish physics laboratory. His field of expertise was the use of X-ray crystal diffraction methods (originally devised by the Braggs) to examine the structure of biopolymers. The overall head of the Cavendish Laboratory was then Sir Lawrence Bragg. In the 1950s and under his patronage, the team led by Perutz and including J C Kendrew (1917 - 1997), Watson,...    Continue Reading
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