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El Salvador

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Definition: El Salvador from

Collins English Dictionary

A republic in Central America, on the Pacific: colonized by the Spanish from 1524; declared independence in 1841, becoming a republic in 1856. It consists of coastal lowlands rising to a central plateau. Coffee constitutes about half of the total exports. Official language: Spanish. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: colón. Capital: San Salvador. Population: 5 752 000 (1998 est). Area: 21 393 sq. km (8236 sq. miles).

Derived words: Salvadoran or Salvadorean or Salvadorian adjective, noun.

Summary Article: El Salvador from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide
Country in Central America, bounded north and east by Honduras, south and southwest by the Pacific Ocean, and northwest by Guatemala. Government El Salvador is a presidential democratic republic, with a multiparty system. The 1983 constitution, amended in 1985, provides for a president elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term, assisted by an appointed vice-president and a council of ministers. The presidential election is held on a fixed date every five years and if a candidate does not receive over 50% of the vote a run-off race is held 30 days later between the two candidates with the highest shares of the vote. There is a single-chamber legislature, the legislative assembly, which comprises 84 members, elected by universal suffrage for a three-year term under a proportional representation system: 64 from 14 multi-member seats and 20 from a national constituency. History The original inhabitants of the area were Indian...    Continue Reading
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