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Estonia

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Definition: Estonia or Esthonia from

Collins English Dictionary

A republic in NE Europe, on the Gulf of Finland and the Baltic: low-lying with many lakes and forests, it includes numerous islands in the Baltic Sea. It was under Scandinavian and Teutonic rule from the 13th century to 1721, when it passed to Russia: it was an independent republic from 1920 to 1940, when it was annexed by the Soviet Union; became independent in 1991. Official language: Estonian. Religion: believers are mostly Christian. Currency: kroon. Capital: Tallinn. Population: 1 447 000 (1998 est). Area: 45 227 sq. km (17 462 sq. miles).

Summary Article: Estonia from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide
Country in northern Europe, bounded east by Russia, south by Latvia, and north and west by the Baltic Sea. Government Estonia is a multiparty parliamentary democracy with a dual executive, comprising a president and a prime minister. Under its 1992 constitution, it has a 101-member national assembly or parliament (Riigikogu), whose deputies are popularly elected for four-year terms in multimember constituencies through proportional representation. The parliament elects a president, who must be an Estonian citizen by birth and at least 40 years old, for a maximum of two five-year terms. Presidential candidates must be nominated by at least a fifth of the parliament's deputies and win a two-thirds majority of the parliamentary vote. If this is not achieved after three rounds, an electoral college of parliamentary deputies and local councillors is set up to elect the president by a simple majority. The president nominates a prime minister, who needs approval b...    Continue Reading
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