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European Convention on Human Rights

Summary Article: European Convention on Human Rights from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide
Human-rights convention signed in 1950 by all member countries of the Council of Europe. The Convention was the first attempt to give legal content to human rights in an international agreement, and to combine this with the establishment of authorities for supervision and enforcement. It was signed in Rome on 4 November 1950 and came into force on 3 September 1953. The articles of the Convention cover basic human rights and freedoms, including the right to life, liberty, and a fair trial; the right to marry and have a family; freedom of thought, conscience, and religion; freedom of expression, including freedom of the press; freedom of peaceful assembly and association; the right to have a sentence reviewed by a higher tribunal; and the prohibition of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment. The Convention established a number of supervisory bodies based in Strasbourg, France. These were: a European Commission on Human Rights...    Continue Reading
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