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Garrison, William Lloyd

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Definition: Garrison, William Lloyd from

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language

, William Lloyd 1805–1879.

American abolitionist leader who founded and published The Liberator (1831–1865), an antislavery journal.

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Summary Article: Garrison, William Lloyd from The Columbia Encyclopedia
Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-79, American abolitionist, b. Newburyport, Mass. He supplemented his limited schooling with newspaper work and in 1829 went to Baltimore to aid Benjamin Lundy in publishing the Genius of Universal Emancipation. This led (1830) to his imprisonment for seven weeks for libel. On Jan. 1, 1831, he published the first number of the Liberator, a paper that he continued for 35 years (to Dec. 29, 1865), until after the Thirteenth Amendment had been adopted. In the Liberator, Garrison took an uncompromising stand for immediate and complete abolition of slavery. Though its circulation was never over 3,000, the paper became famous for its startling and quotable language. Garrison relied wholly upon moral persuasion, believing in the use of neither force nor the ballot to gain his end. His language antagonized many. In 1835 he was p...    Continue Reading

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