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Holy Roman Empire

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Definition: Holy Roman Empire from

Chambers 21st Century Dictionary

noun: the empire held by the Holy Roman Emperors in Italy and central Europe, strictly from the 12c, but more generally so called from the reign of Charlemagne, King of the Franks, in the 9c, until its abandonment by Francis II in 1806.

Summary Article: Holy Roman Empire from The Columbia Encyclopedia
Holy Roman Empire, designation for the political entity that originated at the coronation as emperor (962) of the German king Otto I and endured until the renunciation (1806) of the imperial title by Francis II. The term itself did not come into usage until several centuries after Otto's accession. For a list of all emperors from Otto I to Francis II and the dates they reigned, see the table entitled Holy Roman Emperors. Origins The Holy Roman Empire was a successor state to the empire founded in 800 by Charlemagne (see also Carolingians), who revived the title of Roman emperor in the West. According to Carolingian theory, the Roman Empire had merely been suspended, not ended, by the abdication of the last Roman emperor in 476. In 800, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne Roman emperor, p...    Continue Reading
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