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Lawrence, D. H.

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The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language

, D(avid) H(erbert) 1885–1930.

British writer whose fiction concerns the struggle for human fulfillment within a dehumanizing industrialized society. His novels include Sons and Lovers (1913), Women in Love (1920), and Lady Chatterley's Lover (1928). He also wrote poetry and literary criticism.

1885-1930English novelist, poet and essayistHe was born in Eastwood, Nottinghamshire, the son of a miner. With his mother's encouragement, he became a schoolmaster and began to write, encouraged by the notice taken of his work by Ford Madox Ford and Edward Garnett. In 1911, after the success of his first novel, The White Peacock, he decided to devote himself to writing. In 1912 he eloped with Frieda Weekley (née von Richthofen), a cousin of the German war ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen and wife of Ernest Weekley, a professor at Nottingham University. They travelled in Europe for a year, and married in 1914 after her divorce. By this time, Lawrence had made his reputation with the semi-autobiographical Sons and Lovers (1913). They returned to England at the outbreak of World War I, and lived in Cornwall. In 1915 he...    Continue Reading

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