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Lorenz, Konrad

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Merriam-Webster's Collegiate(R) Dictionary

Konrad Lorenz 1903–1989 Ger. (Austrian-born) ethologist

Summary Article: Lorenz, Konrad Zacharias (1903-1989) from The Hutchinson Dictionary of Scientific Biography
Austrian zoologist who is generally considered to be the founder of modern ethology. He is best known for his studies of the relationships between instinct and behaviour, particularly in birds, although he also applied his ideas to aspects of human behaviour, notably aggression. He received many honours for his work, including the 1973 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, which he was awarded jointly with Karl von Frisch and Niko Tinbergen. Lorenz was born in Vienna on 7 November 1903, the son of an orthopaedic surgeon. From an early age he collected and cared for various animals, and kept a detailed record of his bird observations. He was educated at the high school in Vienna, then in 1922, following his father's wishes, went to the USA to Columbia University and studied medicine. After two years he returned to Austria and continued his medical studies at the University of Vienna, from which he graduated in 1928. In the...    Continue Reading

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