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Lutosławski, Witold

Polish composer and conductor. His output includes three symphonies, Paroles tissées/Teased Words (1965) for tenor and chamber orchestra, dedicated to the singer Peter Pears, and Chain I for orchestra (1981). For 30 years he conducted most of the world's leading orchestras in his own compositions, and was greatly influential both within and beyond his native land. His early major compositions, such as Variations on a Theme of Paganini (1941) for two pianos and First Symphony (1941–47), drew some criticism from the communist government. After 1956, under a more liberal regime, he adopted avant-garde techniques, including improvisatory and aleatoric (chance) forms, in Venetian Games (1961). Lutosławski was born in Warsaw while it was still part of the Russian Empire. He spent part of his early childhood in Moscow – th...    Continue Reading

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