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Lysenko, Trofim Denisovich

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Definition: Lysenko, Trofim Denisovich from

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, Trofim Denisovich 1898–1976.

Soviet biologist and agronomist. Director of the Institute of Genetics of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1940–1964), he rejected genetics in favor of Lamarckian ideas and supported the arrest of many scientists, thus hindering the development of Soviet agriculture.

Summary Article: Lysenko, Trofim Denisovich from The Columbia Encyclopedia
Lysenko, Trofim Denisovich (lĭsĕng´kō, Rus. trәfēm´ dyĭnyē´sәvĭch lĭsyĕn´kә), 1898-1976, Russian agronomist. As president of the Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences he became the scientific and administrative leader of Soviet agriculture. In 1937 he was made a member of the Supreme Soviet and head of the Institute of Genetics of the Soviet Academy of Sciences. He first became known for his process (vernalization) of moistening and refrigerating the seed of spring wheat, thereby reputedly imparting to it characteristics of winter wheat. He became the leader of the Soviet school of genetics that opposed the theories of heredity accepted by most geneticists and supported the doctrine that characteristics acquired through environmental influences are inherited (see acquired characteristics). Lysenko rejected neo-Mendelism and was a disciple of the Russian horticulturist I. V. Michurin. Lysenko's theories...    Continue Reading

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