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Mandeville, Bernard

Summary Article: Mandeville, Bernard [de] from Continuum Encyclopedia of British Literature
After studying philosophy and medicine at the University of Leyden and practicing briefly in Holland, Mandeville traveled to England to learn the language. By 1699, he had married an English woman, settled in London, and specialized in nervous and gastric disorders. Mandeville published a medical text entitled A Treatise of the Hypochondriack and Hysterick Passions (1711), several fables, and occasional verse, but his major publications were prose commentaries on individual and social morality.Mandeville’s most significant literary work, The Fable of the Bees, expanded and changed form with each new edition. As early as 1703, Mandeville wrote several short fables in the style of La Fontaine. In 1705, he published the long poem The Grumbling Hive; or, Knaves Turn’d Honest, which he described as “a story told in doggerel.” This pamphlet publication was popular enough to be pirated, but the poem received much more attention in 1714 when it reappeared as part of The Fable of the Be...    Continue Reading
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