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Art, Modern

Summary Article: modern art from The Macmillan Encyclopedia
The art of the late 19th and 20th centuries, which has largely abandoned traditional subjects, aesthetic standards, and techniques of art. The development of modern art was stimulated by the decline of artistic patronage by church and state, giving the artist more freedom to experiment. These experiments have largely centred round the use of colour and form as properties in their own right and not only as a means to mirror the real world (See photography). They can be traced back to Manet and the impressionists. Cézanne began the dissolution of one of the main foundations of Western painting since the Renaissance—the use of linear perspective. This was completed by cubism in the early 20th century and formed the basis for subsequent work by Picasso. Parallel movements were...    Continue Reading
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