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Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei

Summary Article: Nazi Party from The Crystal Reference Encyclopedia
A German political party which dominated Germany from 1933 to 1945. It originated as the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (German Worker’s Party), founded in Munich in 1919 to protest against the German surrender of 1918 and the Treaty of Versailles, and renamed the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Worker’s Party, or Nazi Party) in 1920. Adolf Hitler became the party’s leader the following year. Its ideology was extremely nationalist, imperialist, and racist, maintaining that the world was divided into a hierarchy of races: Aryans, of whom Germans were the purest example, were the supreme culture-bearing race, while the Jews were the lowest. It was also contended that the Jews were intent on world conquest through infesting the Aryan race. These ideas were set out by Hitler in Mein Kampf (1925). It was not until the 1930s that the Nazi Party gained a position of significant support: in 1932 with...    Continue Reading
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