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Perth

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Definition: Perth from

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1. a city in central Scotland, in Perth and Kinross on the River Tay: capital of Scotland from the 12th century until the assassination of James I there in 1437. Population: 41 453 (1991).
2. a city in SW Australia, capital of Western Australia, on the Swan River: major industrial centre; University of Western Australia (1911). Population: 1 262 600 (1995 est.).
Summary Article: Perth from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide
Capital of the state of Western Australia and Australia's fourth-largest city; population (2001 est) 1,340,000. Perth is situated on the southwest coast of Australia, on the River Swan, 19 km/12 mi inland. Its port is at Fremantle, to the southwest at the mouth of the Swan. The metropolitan area of Perth, which now includes Fremantle, contains about three-quarters of the population of the state of Western Australia. Perth is a major centre of finance and of varied industry, including oil refining, electronics, food processing, steel, shipbuilding, rubber, paint, fertilizers, textiles, furniture, cement, tractors, and tourism. Perth is also an important centre for the export of primary products: refined oil, minerals, wool, wheat, meat, fruit, timber, and dairy produce. History Perth was founded as a colony in 1829 by Captain James Stirling. It received city status in 1...    Continue Reading
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