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Psychology

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Definition: psychology from

Chambers 21st Century Dictionary


noun
1. the scientific study of the mind and behaviour of humans and animals.
2. the mental attitudes and associated behaviour characteristic of a certain individual or group.
3. the ability to understand how people’s minds work, useful when trying to influence them.
Derivative

psychologist noun.

[17c; see psycho-.]

Summary Article: Psychology from Science in the Contemporary World: An Encyclopedia
The science of psychology emerged in the later part of the nineteenth century in Germany as a joint branch of physiology and philosophy. Psychiatry emerged from the practice in the nineteenth century of assigning physicians to be superintendents of insane asylums. The first scientific psychologists, such as the German Wilhelm Wundt (1832–1920), the Englishman Francis Galton (1822–1911), and the American E. B. Titchener (1867–1927), clearly focused on empirical studies of repeatable external phenomena that could be quantified, such as perception and sensory stimulus. They deliberately modeled their new science on the traditional physical sciences. With the exception of Galton, these pioneers frowned upon applied psychology, not wishing to challenge psychiatry in the art of healing, but rather concentrated on applying science to limited examinations of human behavior. But soon the American psychologist G. Stanley Hall (1884–1924) and others began to apply psychology to education...    Continue Reading
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