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Rationalism

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Definition: rationalism from

Chambers 21st Century Dictionary

noun: the theory that an individual’s actions and beliefs should be based on reason rather than on intuition or the teachings of others.


Derivatives

rationalist noun someone who forms opinions by reasoning.

rationalistic adjective

rationalistically adverb.

Summary Article: rationalism from The Columbia Encyclopedia
rationalism [Lat.,=belonging to reason], in philosophy, a theory that holds that reason alone, unaided by experience, can arrive at basic truth regarding the world. Associated with rationalism is the doctrine of innate ideas and the method of logically deducing truths about the world from "self-evident" premises. Rationalism is opposed to empiricism on the question of the source of knowledge and the techniques for verification of knowledge. René Descartes, G. W. von Leibniz, and Baruch Spinoza all represent the rationalist position, and John Locke the empirical. Immanuel Kant in his critical philosophy attempted a synthesis of these two positions. More loosely, rationalism may signify confidence in the intelligible, orderly character of the world and in the mind's ability to discern such order. It is opposed by irrationalism, a view that either denies meaning and coherence in reality or discredits the ability of reason to discern such coherence. Irrational...    Continue Reading
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