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Rice, Condoleezza

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, Condoleezza Born 1954.


American political scientist who served as national security adviser (2001–2005) and as secretary of state (2005–2009).

Summary Article: Rice, Condoleezza from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide
US politician, national security advisor 2001–04 and secretary of state 2005–09. As secretary of state, she launched a diplomatic initiative aimed at finding regional solutions to problems such as terrorism, and criticized Iran for its sponsorship of terrorism and its aspirations to develop nuclear weapons. As national security advisor she helped develop a new US defence doctrine, in the wake of the September 11 2001 terrorist attacks on the USA, which supported the use of pre-emptive strikes against an enemy. This was put into effect with the US invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq in 2001 and 2003. She also played a key role in the negotiation of a Strategic Offensive Reduction Treaty (SORT) with Russia in 2002, to reduce both countries' strategic nuclear arsenals by two-thirds by 2012. A foreign-policy conservative, Rice is libertarian and a comparative moderate on social issues. Drawing on her academic specialisms, she was an adviser on Soviet and East European affairs to Presid...    Continue Reading
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