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Southampton

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Definition: Southampton 1 from

Collins English Dictionary


1. a port in S England, in Southampton unitary authority, Hampshire on Southampton Water (an inlet of the English Channel): chief English passenger port; university (1952); shipyards and oil refinery. Population: 210 138 (1991).
2. a unitary authority in S England, in Hampshire. Population: 213 500 (1995 est.). Area: 49 sq. km (19 sq. miles).
Summary Article: Southampton from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide
Industrial seaport and administrative centre of Southampton City unitary authority in southern England, at the head of Southampton Water, 128 km/80 mi southwest of London; population (2001) 234,200. Industries include marine engineering, chemicals, plastics, flour milling, and tobacco. It is a major passenger and container port. History Southampton is first mentioned as the place where the Viking Canute defeated Ethelred the Unready in 1016 to become king of England. (According to legend it was here that Canute commanded the mighty waves of the Solent to retreat.) Following the Norman Conquest in 1066, Southampton grew prosperous as the main port of trade and transit between Winchester and Normandy, and a walled town was established on the peninsula between the rivers Test and Itchen to guard it against attack. In response to a devastating raid by the French in 1338, the town became one of the best-defended fortresses in Englan...    Continue Reading
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