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Tbilisi

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Definition: Tbilisi from

Collins English Dictionary

The capital of Georgia, on the Kura River: founded in 458; taken by the Russians in 1801; university (1918); a major industrial centre. Population: 1 253 100 (1994). Russian name: Tiflis.

Summary Article: Tbilisi from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide
Capital and cultural centre of Georgia, located on the Kura River in the Caucasus Mountains; population (2002) 1,073,300. It is a major economic, transportation, and industrial centre. Engineering industries, including electric locomotives and equipment, machine tools, and agricultural machinery, are of leading importance; other industries include the manufacture of textiles, leather goods, ceramics, foodstuffs, and tobacco. In the lead-up to the collapse of the USSR in 1989 and Georgian independence, the city was the scene of bloody clashes between Russian security forces and nationalist demonstrators. History Dating from the 5th century, Tbilisi is a centre of Georgian culture, with a number of fine buildings. It became Russian in 1801 and was the seat of the Viceroy of the Caucasus until 1882. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, it was the principal cultural centre for the whole of...    Continue Reading
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