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Vilnius (Lithuania)

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Definition: Vilnius or Vilnyus from

Collins English Dictionary

The capital of Lithuania: passed to Russia in 1795; under Polish rule (1920-39); university (1578); an industrial and commercial centre. Population: 573 200 (1996 est.). Russian name: Vilna. Polish name: Wilno.

Summary Article: Vilnius from The Columbia Encyclopedia
Vilnius (vĭl´nēs), Rus. Vilna, Pol. Wilno, city (1993 pop. 590,100), capital of Lithuania, on the Neris River. It is a rail and highway junction, a commercial and industrial city, and a center of education and the arts. Industries include machine building, computers, food processing, and the manufacture of consumer electrical goods. Vilnius was officially founded in 1323 when the Lithuanian prince Gediminas made it his capital and built his castle there. The city also became (1415) the metropolis of the Lithuanian Orthodox Eastern Church. The city declined after the merger of Lithuania and Poland, and its Lithuanian-Belarusian culture was replaced by Polish institutions. In the third partition of Poland (1795), Vilnius passed to Russia, where it became a provincial capital (1801-1815). Jewish learning flourished in Vilnius in the 18th and 19th cent., culminating in the Heskala (Enlightenment) m...    Continue Reading
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